How we measure that is still evolving, but we know it will encompass a vibrant arts scene, the built environment, economic inequality, compassion, the natural environment, and civic engagement.
There are obvious financial problems associated with poverty. Poverty is also associated with lower educational attainment, food insecurity, much worse health, and exposure to violence. Challenges associated with poverty are exacerbated when living in a neighborhood with a high rate of poverty (with at least 20% poverty rate). There are fewer job opportunities and higher levels of psychological distress, among other things.
Poverty concentration in Louisville is getting worse: Since 2000, the percentage of poor people in Louisville living in poor neighborhoods (with at least a 20% poverty rate) has increased from 41.2% to 51.4%. This means that 51.4% of poor people in Louisville lived in neighborhoods with at least 20% of the residents living below the poverty line. We are even worse among our peers if we consider a 40% threshold: 19.1% of our poor residents live in neighborhoods with at least a 40% poverty rate, putting us 13 of 15 among our peers.
These workers may also have other workers in the home. This number does not count all the workers who make sub-poverty wages but have other workers in the home who put the whole family above the poverty line.
Source: 2013 ACS, 3-year Estimates
The community safety metric focuses not only on violent crime rates, but turns to the rate of injury deaths to contribute to an overall ranking. Other measurements for these sub drivers include: unemployment rate, inadequate social support, children in single parent households, and percent of children living in poverty.
Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation County Health Rankings
2013 ACS, 3-year estimates; 2014 ACS, 3-year estimates; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation County Health Rankings; U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 American Community Survey, 3-Year Estimates; ACS, 5-year estimates; The Brookings Institute (Elizabeth Kneebone), “The Growth and Spread of Concentrated Poverty, 2000 to 2008-2012.” Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/research/interactives/2014/concentrated-poverty#/M10420; volunteeringinamerica.gov; data from the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey’s Volunteer Supplement; Volunteeringinamerica.gov; Census, 2013 Estimates of resident pop. 1; Census, 2013 Estimates of resident pop. 2; Louisville Metro Center for Health Equity 2014: Louisville Metro Health Equity report: The Social Determinants of Health in Louisville Metro Neighborhoods
Census, 2013 Estimates of resident pop. 1; Census, 2013 Estimates of resident pop. 2
Louisville Metro Center for Health Equity 2014: Louisville Metro Health Equity report: The Social Derminants of Health in Louisville Metro Neighborhoods